Osman DÜZEN, Volkan KALEM


Pseudo-ternary piezoelectric ceramics of PMN-PT [Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3] composition modified with PMS [Pb(Mn1/3Sb2/3)O3] were produced by solid-state sintering method using different temperatures in a range of 1100-1250 °C. The effect of sintering temperature on the crystal phases, microstructure and electrical properties were systematically investigated. Microstructural and compositional analyses have been carried out using scanning electron microscope (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Besides, electrical characterization was performed by using an LCR meter, impedance analyzer and a Berlincourt d33-piezometer. XRD and SEM results indicated that the sintering temperature was effective on the formation of a homogeneous microstructure and a pure perovskite structure. Densification during sintering could not be completed and pure perovskite structure was not obtained at 1150 °C and lower sintering temperatures. Furthermore, sintering at temperatures higher than 1200 °C resulted in heterogeneous microstructure. The high dielectric and piezoelectric response of PMN-PT-PMS ceramics is considered to be related to their high densities and homogeneous microstructure obtained via proper sintering condition. The results showed that the ceramic samples sintered at 1175 °C for 2 h possessed the optimum properties (d33=265 pC/N, KT=4745, kp=0.417, tanδ=2.5%, Qm=222).


Piezoelectric Properties; Sintering; PMN-PT; PMS

Full Text:

PDF (Türkçe)


Aydın H.S., 2016, PMN-PT[Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3] Esaslı Piezoelektrik Seramiklerin Üretimi ve Karakterizasyonu, Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Selçuk Üniversitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Konya.

Aydın H.S., Kalem V., 2016, “PMN-PT [Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3] Esaslı Seramiklerde Kompozisyonun Yapısal ve Elektriksel Özelliklere Etkisi”, Selçuk Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi, Cilt 4, Sayı 2, ss. 100-110.

Bouquin, O., Lejeune, M., Boilot, J.P., 1991, “Formation of the perovskite phase in the PbMg1/3Nb2/3O3-PbTiO3 system”, Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Cilt 74, Sayı 5, ss. 1152-56.

Carter, C.B., Norton, M.G., 2007, Ceramic Materials: Science and Engineering, Springer, New York.

Choi, S.W., Shrout, T.R., Jang, S.J., Bhalla, A.S., 1989, “Dielectric and pyroelectric properties in the Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3 system”, Ferroelectrics, Cilt 100, ss. 29-38.

Guha, J.P., 1999, “Reaction chemistry and subsolidus phase equilibria in lead-based relaxor systems: Part I - Formation and stability of the perovskite and pyrochlore compounds in the system PbO-MgO-Nb2O5”, Journal of Materials Science, Cilt 34, Sayı 20, ss. 4985-94.

Hai, L., Bo-Ping, Z., Yu, P., Lei, Z., Kai-sheng, W., Yan-tao, L., 2015, “Effects of sintering temperature on structure and properties of BY-PT-PMN ternary piezoelectric ceramics”, Journal of Materials Research, Cilt 30, Sayı 6, ss. 782-790.

Hoffmann, M.J., Hammer M., Endriss A., Lupascu D.C., 2001, “Correlation between microstructure, strain behavior, and acoustic emission of soft PZT ceramics, Acta Materialia Cilt 49, ss. 1301–1310.

Inada, M., 1977, “Analysis of the formation process of the piezoelectric PCM ceramics”, National Technical Report (Matsushita Elect. Ind. Co.), Cilt 27, Sayı 1, ss. 95-102.

Ketsuwan, P., Ngamjarurojana, A., Laosiritaworn, Y., Ananta, S., Yimnirun, R., 2007, “Effect of Sintering Temperature on Phase Formation, Dielectric, Piezoelectric, and Ferroelectric Properties of Nb-Doped Pb(Zr0.52Ti0.48)O3 Ceramics”, Ferroelectrics, Cilt 358, ss. 35-41.

Liu, L., Fan, H., Ke, S., Chen, X., 2008, “Effect of sintering temperature on the structure and properties of cerium-doped 0.94(Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3–0.06BaTiO3 piezoelectric ceramics”, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Cilt 458, ss. 504-8.

Naceur, H., Megriche, A., El Maaoui, M., 2014, “Effect of sintering temperature on microstructure and electrical properties of Sr1-x(Na0.5Bi0.5)xBi2Nb2O9 solid solutions”, Journal of Advanced Ceramics, Cilt 3, Sayı 1, ss. 17-30.

Shrout, T.R., Swartz, S.L., 1983, “Dielectric-properties of pyrochlore lead magnesium niobate”, Materials Research Bulletin, Cilt 18, Sayı 6, ss. 663-7.

Swartz, S.L., Shrout, T.R., 1982, “Fabrication of perovskite lead magnesium niobate”, Materials Research Bulletin, Cilt 17, Sayı 10, ss .1245-50.

Takahashi, S., Sasaki, Y., Kawai, H., Hirose, S., 1996, “High-power piezoelectric characteristics in Pb(Mo1/3Sb2/3)O3-Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3 solid solution system”, Isaf '96 - Proceedings of the Tenth Ieee International Symposium on Applications of Ferroelectric, Cilt 1, ss. 2309-12.

Takahashi, S., Yamamoto, M., Sasaki, Y., 1998, “Nonlinear piezoelectric effect in ferroelectric ceramics”, Japanese Journal of Applied Physics Part 1-Regular Papers Short Notes & Review Papers, Cilt 37, Sayı 9B, ss. 5292-6.

Taşpınar, E., 1997, Production and characterization of lead zirconate titanate and lead magnesium niobate-lead titanate piezoceramics, Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Orta Doğu Teknik Üniversitesi, Ankara.

Wakiya, N., Kim, B.H., Shinozaki, K., Mizutani, N., 1994, “Composition range of cubic pyrochlore type compound in lead magnesium niobium oxygen system”, Nippon Seramikkusu Kyokai Gakujutsu Ronbunshi-Journal of the Ceramic Society of Japan, Cilt 102, Sayı 6, 612-5.

Wakiya, N., Saiki, A., Ishizawa, N., Shinozaki, K., Mizutani, N., 1993, “Crystal-growth, crystal-structure and chemical-composition of a pyrochlore type compound in lead-magnesium-niobium-oxygen system”, Materials Research Bulletin, Cilt 28, Sayı 2, ss. 137-43.

Zhu, R., Yin, Y., Fang, B., Chen, Z., Zhang, S., Ding, J., Zhao, X., Luo, H., 2016, “Optimizing structure and electrical properties of high-Curie temperature PMN-PHT piezoelectric ceramics via tailoring sintering process”, The European Physical Journal-Applied Physics, Cilt 74, Sayı 3, ss. 30101.

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Selcuk University Journal of Engineering, Science and Technology

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 Indexed in Databases


中国知网BASE LogogoogleDirectory of Research Journals Indexing LogoOnline Access to Research in the EnvironmentDTUbroadcastlogo PBN - BETA versionjournal tocs uk ile ilgili görsel sonucuFind in a library with WorldCatDiscovery: Library search made simple.Return to JournalSeek Homejatstech ile ilgili görsel sonucu  ExLibris header imageStanford University Libraries

Coordinator of Selcuk University Scientific Journals