A GIS BASED NEW NAVIGATION APPROACH FOR REDUCING EMERGENCY VEHICLE'S RESPONSE TIME

Fatih SARI

Abstract


Recently, for ensuring human life and safety, routing and intervening emergency vehicles as soon as possible an important subject. Ambulance, firefighter, police and other emergency vehicles are the main object of the intervention. Reaching the emergency area as soon as possible is important for saving human life and preventing economic loss. Directing and routing emergency vehicles from the moment they receive an emergency call to the event location must be considered carefully. In this study, ensuring the shortest response time for the emergency vehicles, obstacles like speed bumps, traffic lights, parking status of the streets, railroad crossings and crossroads which reduce the speed of emergency vehicles and increasing the intervention time are detected. In order to determine the effect of obstacles, a new Segment Effect Value (SEV) formula is developed. Values are assigned to the street segments according to obstacles in particular streets. SEV formula makes possible to determine the routes that provides the shortest intervention time. Results are compared with the shortest route and the shortest time route.


Keywords


Emergency Response Time, Network Analyst, Geographical Information Systems, Navigation systems

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